Top 11 Tallest Buildings Of The World
According to information from the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, the top 11 tallest buildings worldwide are listed herein. The organization only measures the highest points of these tall buildings. The data also includes extensions that can be modified or added or removed from these buildings. Due to land scarcity, the expansion of cities and towns has increased the frequency of such tall buildings construction worldwide, and there seems to be a great competition within and between regions, cities and countries alike in the construction of the tallest architectural structures and the most complex geometries in bids for appreciation and recognition.
Top 11 Tallest Buildings Of The World
11 Changsha IFS Tower T1, China : 452 metres / 1,482.9 ft
Changsha IFS Tower T1 is under construction in Changsha, China. The construction started in 2013, the skyscrapper will be 452 metres (1,482.9 ft) tall and is expected to be completed in 2017.
Based on Harbour City ( Honkong ), a hyper-connected retail development, the twin-tower is under development. The development highlights two skyscrapers, with Tower 2 rising 315 meters and Tower 1 rising 452 meters. The rectangular form of the glass-clad towers is discontinued by a sequence of metal fins that add more complexity to their appearance and lessen glare for the interior office spaces. Tower 1 highlights a crown that incrementally sets back by several feet at three points.
At the bottom, a block-sized podium holds a mega mall of 230,000 square meters. The Changsha IFS Tower T1 also features a 700 meters of retail street frontage, greater than that of its Harbour City. Among the largest in Changsha and Central China, the retail mall offers amenities spanning culture, entertainment, lifestyle, and dining.
10 International Commerce Centre, Hong Kong: 484 meters / 1588 Feet
The International Commerce Centre is a 108 – storey, 484 meters (1,588 ft) commercial skyscraper located in West Kowloon, Hong Kong. In 2010 ICC was the 4th tallest building in the world (third in Asia) when its structure was completed, although its position has now slipped. Now, ICC is 10th tallest building by height in world and fifth tallest building by number of floors in the world. ICC is the tallest building in Hong Kong.
Tenants of ICC include the Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong, home to the highest swimming pool in the world and bar on the 108th floor of the tower. The 100th floor of building belongs to an observation deck called Sky100.
The International Commerce Centre faces the second-tallest building in Hong Kong, the International Finance Centre (IFC). ICC along with IFC was developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties and with another chief Hong Kong developer, Henderson Land.
09 Shanghai World Financial Centre, China: 492 meters / 1614 feet
The Shanghai World Financial Center is a skyscraper situated in the Pudong district of Shanghai, China. SWFC was developed by the Mori Building Company, with its structural engineer as Leslie E. Robertson Associates and Shanghai Construction (Group) General Co. and China State Construction Engineering Corp as its main contractor and designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox. It is a mixed-use skyscraper, consisting of hotels, offices, conference rooms, ground-floor shopping malls and observation decks.
SWFC is 492 metres (1,614.2 ft) tall, making it the 8th tallest building worldwide and the 4th tallest structure in Mainland China. On 28 August 2008 the SWFC was opened to the public and on 30 August with its observation deck opened. The observation deck give views from 474 m above ground level.
The Shanghai World Financial Center has been lauded for its design, and in was named by architects as the year’s best-completed skyscraper in 2008. In 2013, the adjacent Shanghai Tower, which is China’s tallest till date, beats the height of SWFC. Together, the Shanghai World Financial Center, Jin Mao Tower and Shanghai Tower form the first adjacent grouping of three supertall skyscrapers in the world.
08 Taipei 101, Taiwan : 508 meters / 1667 feet
Taipei 101, formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center is a supertall skyscraper in Taipei, Taiwan. In 2004, the building was officially declared as the world’s tallest, and remained such until the construction of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai in 2009. In 2011, the skyscraper was honoured with the LEED platinum certification, the highest award according to the (LEED) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design rating system, and became the largest and tallest green building in the world. Taipei 101 used to have the fastest elevator in the world, at 60.6 km/h and transporting persons from the 5th to 89th floor in 37 seconds. But in 2016 the title for the fastest moving elevator was given to one in Shanghai Tower, China.
Construction of the 101-story tower begun in 1999 and completed in 2004. Ever since its opening, the tower has served as a symbol of modern Taiwan. The landmark was architecturally created as a figure of the evolution of Asian tradition and technology. The tower is designed in such a way that it can withstand earthquakes and typhoons. The tower features multi-level shopping mall, hundreds of stores, clubs and restaurants. Fireworks launched from Taipei 101 feature foremost in international New Year’s Eve broadcasts and the building appears frequently in international media and travel literature.
07 CTF Finance Centre, China : 530 meters / 1739 feet
Also called as East Tower, the Guangzhou Chow Tai Fook Finance Centre is a 530 meter (1,739 feet) tall mixed-use skyscraper in the city of Guangzhou, China which was completed in 2016. It is the 7th tallest in the world, the 3rd-tallest in China and the tallest completed building in Guangzhou. The CTF Finance Centre has a total of 111 floors above ground and five floors below ground floor and houses a shopping mall, apartments, a hotel and offices. The skyscraper has a gross floor area of 507,681 square meter, of which a little over 20% is not part of the tall skyscraper itself, but of the podium associated to it.
The Guangzhou CTF Centre is half part of the Guangzhou Twin Towers. The another tower of the pair, the 439 m (1,439 feet) tall Guangzhou International Finance Center, is situated on the other side of the axis and is known as “West Tower“. Both towers have a similar size, function and height and are located close to the 604 meters ( 1,982 feet ) tall Canton Tower.
06 One World Trade Center, United States – 541 meters / 1776 feet
Also known as Freedom Tower or 1 WTC, the One World Trade Center is the chief building of the rebuilt World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, NY City. It is the sixth-tallest building in the world and the tallest building in the New York City as well as the entire Western Hemisphere. The skyscraper has the same name as the North Tower of the native World Trade Center, which was destroyed completely in the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The building is bounded by Vesey Street to the north, West Street to the west, Washington Street to the east and Fulton Street to the south.
The skyscraper’s architect was David Childs, whose organisation Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) also designed the Willis Tower and the Burj Khalifa. Standing at 541 meters tall and 104 stories One World Trade Center became the tallest building in NY City on April 30, 2012, surpassing the height of the Empire State Building.The 1 WTC opened on November 3, 2014 while the One World Observatory opened on May 29, 2015.
05 Lotte World Tower, South Korea – 554.5 meters / 1819 feet
Lotte World Tower is a 554.5 meter (1821 feet) supertall skyscraper situated in Seoul, South Korea. It opened to the public on 3 April, 2017 and is presently the tallest building in the OECD, and is the fifth tallest building in the world. It is developed by Lotte Engineering & Construction.
The Lotte World Tower is one of the newest additions to this skysraper’s list, as its construction completed recently in March of 2016, giving it the status of tallest building in the South Korea.After 13 years of planinng and preparation the Lotte World Tower’s construction began in March 2011. The building has 123 floors, out of which six are underground. The roof is designed and constructed with such a strength that it can withstand earthquakes with magnitude of up to 9 on Richter scale.
04 Ping An International Finance Centre, China – 599 meters / 1965 ft
Also known as the Ping An IFC, the Ping An International Finance Centre is a 599 meters mega tall skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. The building was designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates and commissioned by Ping An Insurance. This mega tall skyscraper is the fourth tallest building in the world.
The Ping An International Finance Centre was completed in 2016, and is one of the most latest entries on this list. Although the building officially topped off in 2015, the development is still ongoing and is expected to be finished in 2017. The building features a hotel, conference center and retail spaces within a high-end shopping mall. It is also the location of its namesake, Ping An Insurance. To access its 115 floors, the building has a total of 33 double decker elevators. Originally, the skyscraper designs called for the inclusion of an antenna, but this plan was eventually called off citing worries of flight interference.
03 Makkah Royal Clock Tower, Saudi Arabia – 601 meters / 1972 Feet
The Abraj Al-Bait translated as “The Towers of the House” is a government-owned complex of 7 skyscraper hotels in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. These seven towers are the part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project that attempts to modernize the city in catering to its devotees. The central hotel tower is 1972 feet tall and known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower, A Fairmont Hotel, has the largest clock face worldwide and is the fourth tallest freestanding structure and is the third tallest building in the world. The building complex is metres away from Islam’s most sacred site, the Masjid al-Haram which is the world’s largest mosque. The contractor and developer of the complex is the Saudi Binladin Group, the largest construction company of Kingdom.
Abraj Al-Bait was built after the destruction of the Ajyad Fortress, the 18th-century Ottoman citadel which was on top of a hill overlooking the Grand Mosque. Abraj Al-Bait is the most expensive building in the world with the total cost of construction equaling US$15 billion.
02 Shanghai Tower, China – 632 meters / 2073 Feet
The Shanghai Tower is a 632 meter (2,073 ft), megatall skyscraper in Pudong, Shanghai, China. It also has the highest observation deck in the world within a structure or building and the fastest elevators of world at a top speed of 74 km/h (20.5 m/s). It is the world’s 2nd tallest building by height to architectural top and the world’s 3rd tallest structure (behind Tokyo Skytree, 634 m).
Owned by the Shanghai city government and designed by international design firm Gensler Shanghai Tower is the tallest among the world’s first triple-adjacent super-tall buildings in Shanghai, the other two being the Shanghai World Financial Center and the Jin Mao Tower. Its tiered construction, designed for more energy efficiency, provides nine distinct zones divided between retail, office and leisure use.
01 Burj Khalifa, United Arab Emirates – 828 meters / 2717 Feet
The Burj Khalifa, originally known as the Burj Dubai before its inaugration is a megatall building in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Burj Khalifa has a roof height of 828 m (2,717 ft) and a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft) including the antenna, the Burj Khalifa is presently the tallest structure of the world. It has 163 floors and a height of 2,717 feet tall, and is the tallest building in the world.
The skyscrapper was named in honour of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the president of the UAE, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Basically constructed from concrete and steel, the building is the design by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill of Chicago, who also designed the famous skyscrapers such as One World Trade Center and Willis Tower. The engineering and construction of the structure was carried out by the South Korean company Samsung C&T. Burj Khalifa was completed in the year 2010. The megatall skyscraper was a project by the UAE government to shift the country’s economy from entirely oil-based to a more service based and tourism nation. The building has 19 residential towers, 30,000 residences, nine hotels, a man-made lake which occupies 30 acres, a shopping mall and parkland which occupies seven acres. This marvellous structure has given the UAE international recognition, in addition to receiving applaud from critics for its sleek design.
The materials used to build these skyscrapers’ locations, building functions are also changing with time. 20 years ago, North America used to have 75 percent of the tallest structures, but this has shifted to Middle East and Asia.